By Arnold Hughes
A Political heritage of the Gambia: 1816-1994 is the 1st whole account of the political heritage of the previous British West African dependency to be written. It uses a lot hitherto unconsulted or unavailable British and Gambian professional and personal documentary assets, in addition to interviews with many Gambian politicians and previous British colonial officers. the 1st a part of the ebook charts the origins and features of contemporary politics in colonial Bathurst (Banjul) and its growth into the Gambian inside (Protectorate) within the 20 years after international conflict II. through independence in 1965, older urban-based events within the capital have been defeated by means of a brand new, rural-based political service provider, the People's innovative celebration (PPP). the second one a part of the e-book analyzes the skill wherein the PPP, lower than President Sir Dawda Jawara, succeeded in defeating either latest and new rival political events and an tried coup in 1981. The e-book closes with an evidence of the dying of the PPP by the hands of a military coup in 1994. The e-book not just establishes these designated elements of Gambian political historical past, but additionally relates those to the broader neighborhood and African context, in the course of the colonial and independence classes.
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Additional resources for A Political History of the Gambia, 1816-1994 (Rochester Studies in African History and the Diaspora)
N’JaiGomez (who had develop into the 1st nominated African member in 1941). 14 A 12 months later, he turned secretary of the Gambia Labour Union (GLU, a exchange union based through Small in 1935) and it kind of feels transparent that Small, who had intentionally chosen a Muslim instead of a Christian protégé, was once grooming Garba-Jahumpa to be his exchange union and political inheritor. as a result, he invited the more youthful guy The institution of get together Politics, 1941–59 111 to wait the celebrated global alternate Union convention in London in February 1945 as his secretary. 15 a number of months later, notwithstanding, the 2 males quarreled. Ostensibly, the reason appears to be like to were that either wanted to wait the 6th Pan-African Congress in Manchester in October 1945. Garba-Jahumpa possibly attended the initial convention for delegates in March 1945 and positively signed the manifesto, drawn up through the Pan-African Federation and different our bodies, which used to be provided to the United countries in April 1945. Small, by contrast, neither signed the manifesto nor confirmed a lot previous curiosity within the Congress. presently after Small’s departure to Paris to wait a moment international exchange Union convention, a Pan-African Congress Committee was once demonstrated in Bathurst to elevate money to permit a delegation to be despatched to Manchester. This committee used to be ruled through its joint secretaries, Garba-Jahumpa and the editor of the Gambia Echo, C. W. Downes-Thomas, and never unusually those have been selected to be the Gambian delegates. maybe simply because Downes-Thomas used to be considered a supporter of Sheikh Omar Fye, Small’s supporters in Bathurst led through Abdou Wally M’Bye, a sought after Wolof dealer, protested strongly and a telegram was once sent to London to induce him to wait the Congress. A moment telegram used to be then sent by way of Rendall of the People’s occasion and others to cancel the 1st and Downes-Thomas and Garba-Jahumpa did finally visit Manchester. sixteen there has been additionally a broader reason behind the clash among Small and GarbaJahumpa. Small believed that, in view of his wide political adventure, he was once nonetheless top built to guide Gambia to the following level of constitutional reform. yet Garba-Jahumpa thought of that he had served his apprenticeship within the GLU and, fired via the event of rubbing shoulders with a few of Africa’s so much well-liked nationalists on the Manchester Congress, thought of it was once now time for him to be allowed to make his mark. A parallel will be drawn with the clash among J. B. Danquah and Kwame Nkrumah in 1949, which resulted in the break up within the United Gold Coast conference (UGCC) and the formation of the conference People’s social gathering. Small, like Danquah, used to be a part of the pre-war new release of politicians who anticipated to preserve the political mantle for the foreseeable destiny; Garba-Jahumpa, like Nkrumah, used to be a part of a more youthful, extra radical, workforce who believed that their flip had now come. Danquah seemed Nkrumah as a traitor for turning opposed to the UGCC, which had given him employment as its basic secretary.