By Carol R. Ember
With out ethnography, cross-cultural comparability wouldn't be attainable. yet with no cross-cultural comparability, we'd recognize not anything of what might be common or variable throughout human cultures, or why edition exists. Cross-Cultural study tools is an introductory educating instrument that indicates scholars and power researchers the best way to describe, examine, and study styles that ensue in several cultures, that's, how one can shape and try anthropological, sociological, mental, scientific, or political hypotheses approximately cultural version.
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The 1st query is simply too small since it isn't really a basic query; it refers in basic terms to a unmarried case with a different function. when you attempt to resolution a query approximately a few distinctiveness, the answer's prone to be trivial or no longer informative. for instance, you may say that the society X humans have this specific layout since it is prevalent, yet this resolution is an uninformative tautology. It simply says that they've this layout simply because that they had this layout sooner than. it's possible you'll invoke a old clarification: a specific individual invented this layout and others copied it. yet this sort of resolution wouldn't clarify why the original layout, yet now not others, was once loved and emulated. the second one query approximately wood battle golf equipment isn't so particularistic: many societies have had wood (and variable) battle golf equipment. notwithstanding, we might argue that even this query is simply too small and never as theoretically attention-grabbing as different questions on warfare or expertise. So let’s widen the focal point a piece. Broader questions which may be effectively researched are: What predicts hand-to-hand wrestle? Why perform a little societies struggle greater than others? We ourselves carried out cross-cultural learn at the final query (C. R. Ember and M. Ember 1992a, 1992b; C. R. Ember, M. Ember, and Russett 1992; C. R. Ember, Russett, and M. Ember 1993). extra basic questions equivalent to those could have basic solutions, and that's what makes study on them extra attention-grabbing potentially—research may supply solutions that healthy many events. normal solutions to normal questions are extra informative or explanatory. sorts of Comparative Questions the kind of query requested mostly determines the character of the examine, together with what kind of pattern may be used, no less than a few of the variables to degree, and occasionally the kind of statistical research. we will be able to staff questions into 4 significant teams: The examine query / 29 (1) descriptive, (2) causal, (3) final result, and (4) nondirectional relational. for those who comprehend you have an interest in a specific kind of phenomenon, yet you're not yes which kind of query you must body, it always is helping to attempt to border not less than one in every of each one variety after which wonder for those who will be chuffed doing that kind of learn. We ourselves mostly body causal or why questions, yet different researchers produce other personal tastes. 1. Descriptive questions frequently care for the superiority or frequency of a trait. Examples are: How universal is the idea that intercourse is risky to one’s health and wellbeing? How universal is it for a society to permit polygyny? Are peaceable societies universal? Is the customized of marriage common? 2. Causal questions search solutions in regards to the factors of a trait or customized. Examples are: Why do a little societies have the idea that heterosexual intercourse is damaging? Why do a little societies insist on monogamous marriage, while so much permit polygyny? Why is battle very common in a few societies and no more widespread in others? Why is marriage a cultural common? 1 three. outcome questions ask approximately results of a selected trait or customized.