The homes of seventy two of the main customary solvents are given, tabulated within the such a lot handy means, making this ebook a pleasure for business chemists to take advantage of as a table reference. The homes coated are these which solution the fundamental questions of: Will it do the activity? Will it damage the person? Will it pollute the air? Is it effortless to deal with? Will it pollute the water? Can or not it's recovered or incinerated? those are all elements that must be thought of on the early phases of selecting a solvent for a brand new product or approach.
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Extra info for Handbook of Organic Solvent Properties
254 222. 927 7. 04532 1303. five Solvent houses Solubility parameter Dipole (D) Dielectric consistent (20°C) Polarity (water a hundred) nine. eight 1. eight 10. forty five 32. 7 Thermal info Latent warmth (cal/mol) Nett warmth of combustion (kcal/gmol) particular warmth (cal/mol/OC) serious strain (MN/m2) serious temperature (K) Latent warmth of fusion (cal/mol) Van der Waals' quantity Van der Waals' floor sector Molar quantity 7623 269 31 five. 38 563 2091 2. ninety three 2. fifty three seventy eight. 87 Kauri butanol worth Evaporationtime (ether = 1) Evaporationtime (BuAc = 1) 2YE UO77 1. sixteen 32. 2 zero. nine 1. 444 2. 7 Chlorinated solvents Azeotrope ok% Solute Hydrocarbons n-Pentane n-Hexane n-Heptane +Octane n-Nonane n-Decane 2,2,4-TMP Cyclohexane Benzene Toluene Ethylbenzene Xylenes C9 Aromatics Tetralin Alcohols Methanol Ethanol n-Propanol iPropanol n-Butanol i-Butanol s-Butanol n-Amyl alc. /-Amyl alc. Cyclohexanol 1-Octanol Ethanediol DEG 1,2-Propanediol "C b41W Reference None seventy six eighty one 3003 3009 50 seventy four 20 eighty None 3001 2999 3006 fifty eight fifty three Vone fifty seven \one 34 38 1930 2964 2971 2970 2984 2988 2985 sixty one seventy one seventy three eighty three eighty two Vone 2995 qone 1435 1098 Solute f Reference four. eight three. 6 three. four 1x/1/18 1x/1/19 6c/444 three. four three. 1 1. 1 1. 1 1. o 1. three lxll/l9 6all59 71142 71380 71466 71490 eleven. 2 four. nine five. 1 four. nine three. 2 four. 2 2. 7 three. 6 2d44 2a1299 2d520 1x/1/18 2b l l three 7 2b1272 2f1220 2fl375 1. zero 1. o 1. eight a263 1x/3/957 1x/3/957 Partition coefficient Reference 7. nine V2183 1. 2 V21207 - - Glycol ethers PGME EGME EEE EGBE Chlorinated MDC Chloroform Carbon tet. l12-EDC 1 1,l-TCA TCE Perk. MCB Chlorinated solvents ! O fifty seven seventy five eighty two - 2281 - 1. 6 1. four 1. 7 - a363 81351 a340 keotrope (% Solute ~~ "C ulw Reference Solute Reference lone 2966 2977 zero. eight zero. eight zero. eight 3+4/144 3bl271 3bl519 Partition coefficient Reference <0. 01 P2746 zero. ninety eight V4/180 1. sixty one <0. 01 vu202 P1721 zero. 14 V4118 1 ~~ Ketones Acetone MEK MlBK Cyclohexanone NMP Acetophenone Ethers Diethyl ether DlPE Dibutyl ether MTBE 1,440xane TH F Esters Me acetate Et acetate i-Propyl acetate n-Butyl acetate Cellosolve acetatc beo Jone lone 2987 3004 lone 2979 zero. nine zero. 7 3+4/447 W31957 Jone lone 2980 2992 zero. eight lx/l/l8 lone 2961 2. 6 four. four lx/lll7 5/74 zero. nine 1x/1/18 1. four 1. 1 8/364 3alll9 Miscellaneous DMF DMAc DMSO Sulfolane cs2 Acetic acid Aniline Nitrobenzene Morpholine Pyridine 2-Nitropropane Acetonitrile Furfuraldehyde Phenol Water il eleven seventy nine seventy two 2757 227 Chlorinated solvents 1,1,1-Tricloroethane substitute names Methyl chloroform, TCA, chlorothene, M. C. , no longer 1,1,2-trichloroethane Reference codes CAS quantity UN quantity seventy one fifty five 6 2831 Hazchem code EPA code 2Z U226 actual houses Molecular weight Empirical formulation Boiling aspect (OC) Freezing aspect (OC) particular gravity (20/4) 133 C2H3CI3 seventy four -30 1. 338 Cubic enlargement coeff (per oC x 103) floor rigidity (@20°C dyn/cm) Absolute viscosity (@25°C cP) Refractive index (25°C) 1. three 30 zero. sixty five 1. 438 hearth risks Flash element (closed cup OC) Autoignition temperature (OC) electric conductivity None 537 7. 3E-9 reduce explosive restrict (ppm) top explosive restrict (ppm) 65000 155000 health and wellbeing dangers IDLH (ppm) OES-TWA OES-STEL Odour threshold (ppm) 350 450 three hundred Vapour focus @21°C ppm Vapour density (relative to air) Vapour strain @21°C mmHg POCP 154700 four.