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By Mircea Eliade

In the interval domoninated via the triumphs of clinical rationalism, how can we account for the extreme good fortune of such occult events as astrology or the revival of witchcraft? From his point of view as a historian of religions, the eminent pupil Mircea Eliade indicates that such renowned developments improve from archaic roots and periodically resurface in definite myths, symbols, and rituals. In six lucid essays gathered for this quantity, Eliade unearths the profound non secular importance that lies on the center of many modern cultural vogues.

Since the entire essays other than the final have been initially added as lectures, their introductory personality and energetic oral variety lead them to fairly available to the clever nonspecialist. instead of a popularization, Occultism, Witchcraft, and Cultural Fashions is the achievement of Eliade's conviction that the background of religions will be learn through the widest attainable audience.

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126. fifty two. See the documentation ibid. , pp. 128-30,318-19. fifty three . The resources are quoted and mentioned ibid . , pp . 141, 178 ff. , 224. fifty four . Ibid. , p. 161. fifty five . Ibid. , p. 223. fifty six. Ibid. , p. 224. fifty seven. Ibid. , pp. 250, 341, n. sixty one. Saint Peter used to be accused of getting sacrificed a one-year-old boy or girl, puer anniculus, to guarantee Christianity a length of 365 years . the truth that Saint Augustine felt it essential to solution the sort of calumny exhibits that, within the fourth century of our period, the pagan global nonetheless believed within the efficacy of such magical thoughts . SeeJ. Hubaux , "L' Enfant d' un an, " in assortment Latomus, vol. 2: Hommages Joseph Bidez et Franz Cumont (Brussels, 1949), pp. 143-58; cf. J. Dolger, "Sacramentum infanticidii," in Antike und Christentum (Munster, 1929-50),4:188-228. fifty eight. Cf. Justin discussion with Trypho 10. 1. fifty nine. See the references in Russell, Witchcraft within the heart a while, pp . 90-93; 314, nn. 48-50. 60. See the references brought up in Eliade, Yoga, pp. 420-21. sixty one. Cf. Karl Konrad Grass, Die russischen Sekten, three vols. (Leipzig, 1905-14), 3:201 ff. sixty two. See M. Eliade, styles in Comparative Religions (New York, 1958), s. v. "ritual orgy. " See additionally A. W. Howitt, The local Tribes of South-East Australia (London, 1904), pp . a hundred and seventy, 195, 276 ff. (exchange of other halves which will stay clear of a deadly disease or on the visual appeal of the aurora australis); B. Spencer and F. J. Gillen, The Northern Tribes of vital Australia (London, 1904), pp. 136 ff. ; identification. , The local Tribes of critical Australia (London, 1899),96 ff. (cf. additionally n. sixty five, below); Edward a a 132 Notes to Pages 89-95 Westermarck, The background ofHuman Marriage, three vols. (New York , 1922), I: 170(on the yearly banquet of the Dusik Kurds within the Dersim Mountains: the orgy starts after the lighting fixtures are extinguished), 231, 233 (the "wife-exchanging or lamp-extinguishing online game" of the Eskimos) , 235 (Philippines: orgies after marriages; Madagascar, after the beginning ofachild within the royal family); W. W. Rockhill, The Land ofthe Lamas (New York, 1891), pp. eighty ff. (the "hat-choosing competition" of the Amdo Tibetans); A. E. Crawley, The Mystic Rose , revised and significantly enlarged by means of Theodore Besterman, three vols . (New York, 1927), 1:362 ff. (Hawaii: on the funeral feasts, and so forth. ) . sixty three . Hans Scharer, Ngaju faith (The Hague, 1963), pp. 94-95; cf. pp. one hundred fifty, 159. sixty four. Cf. Eliade , the search, p. eighty five. sixty five. Cf. Eliade, Australian Religions: An advent (Ithaca, N. Y. , 1973), pp. forty six ff. sixty six. Russell, Witchcraft within the center a long time, pp. 224 ff. , 327, n. 21. sixty seven. Cf. Steven Runciman , The Medieval Manichee: A examine of the Christian Dualist Heresy (Cambridge, Eng. , 1946; reprint ed. , big apple, 1961), p. ninety six. sixty eight. Ibid. , p. ninety seven . sixty nine. M. Eliade, Mitul Reintegrtirii (Bucharest, 1942), pp . 24 ff. 70. See Baroja , the area of the Witches, p. 186. besides the fact that, the ritual nudity and the ceremonial sex belong to the initiatory trend of eu witchcraft, and this practice survived within the usa; see, e . g. , Vance Randolph, Ozark Superstitions (New York, 1947), chap. 12, and "Nakedness in Ozark folks Belief," magazine of yankee Folklore (1953) .

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